RDF Terms 1.1

RDF Terms

SPDX® Vocabulary Specification

SPDX® Vocabulary Specification

Version:
1.1 (Final)
Latest Version:
http://spdx.org/rdf/terms

Copyright © 2010-2012 Linux Foundation and its Contributors. All other rights are expressly reserved.

Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 unported.

Introduction

This specification describes the SPDX® language, defined as a dictionary of named properties and classes using W3C's RDF Technology.

SPDX® is a designed to allow the exchange of data about software packages. This information includes general information about the package, licensing information about the package as a whole, a manifest of files contained in the package and licensing information related to the contained files.

About this document

This is an RDFa annotated HTML document that defines the SPDX® RDF vocabulary using the Web Ontology Language. It is RDFa 1.0 compatible and may be consumed by any RDFa 1.0 compatible parser. The same information is available in RDF/XML and Turtle formats if those are more convenient.

RDF it is a widely used data interchange technology which allows heterogeneous systems communicate even when their internal models/implementations are incompatible. For more details on RDF, this RDF primer helpful for gaining a basic understanding.

Prefixes used in this document

The spdx prefix used in this document expands to http://spdx.org/rdf/terms#. Any terms in this document without an explicit prefix may be assumed to be in the spdx namespace.

Other vocabularies used by this one

In addition to the spdx prefix the following prefixes are also used. Each of these reference another vocabulary imported and used by the SPDX vocabulary.

Classes

 

Class: SpdxDocument

An SpdxDocument is a summary of the contents, provenance, ownership and licensing analysis of a specific software package. This is, effectively, the top level of SPDX information.

Status:
stable
Properties:
 

Class: CreationInfo

A CreationInfo provides information about the individuals, organizations and tools involved in the creation of an SpdxDocument.

Status:
stable
Properties:
 

Class: Package

A Package represents a collection of software files that are delivered as a single functional component.

Status:
stable
Properties:
 

Class: ExtractedLicensingInfo

An ExtractedLicensingInfo represents a license or licensing notice that was found in the package. Any license text that is recognized as a license may be represented as a License rather than an ExtractedLicensingInfo.

Status:
stable
Properties:
 

Class: File

A File represents a named sequence of information that is contained in a software package.

Status:
stable
Properties:
 

Class: Review

A Review represents an audit and signoff by an individual, organization or tool on the information in an SpdxDocument.

Status:
stable
Properties:
 

Class: License

A License represents a copyright license. The SPDX license list website is annotated with these properties (using RDFa) to allow license data published there to be easily processed.

The license list is populated in accordance with the License List fields guidelines. These guidelines are not normative and may change over time. SPDX tooling should not rely on values in the license list conforming to the current guidelines.

Status:
stable
Properties:
  • licenseId Cardinality: Mandatory, one

    A short human readable unique name for the license.

     

  • name Cardinality: Optional, zero or one

    A full name, including version if applicable, of the license.

  • licenseText Cardinality: Mandatory, one

    Full text of the license.

     

  • isOsiApproved Cardinality: Mandatory, one

    Indicates if the OSI has approved the license.

  • standardLicenseHeader Cardinality: Optional, zero or one

    License author's preferred text to indicated that a file is covered by the license.

    </>

  • rdfs:comment Cardinality: Optional, zero or one

    Factual notes regarding the license such as release date.

  • rdfs:seeAlso Cardinality: Optional, zero or more

    A link to the license on another website.

 

Class: Checksum

A Checksum is value that allows the contents of a file to be authenticated. Even small changes to the content of the file will change it's checksum. This class allows the results of a variety of checksum and cryptographic message digest algorithms to be represented.

Status:
stable
Properties:
 

Class: PackageVerificationCode

A manifest based verification code (the algorithm is defined in section 4.7 of the full specification) of the package. This allows consumers of this data and/or database to determine if a package they have in hand is identical to the package from which the data was produced. This algorithm works even if the SPDX document is included in the package.

Status:
stable
Properties:
 

Class: ConjunctiveLicenseSet

A ConjunctiveLicenseSet represents a set of licensing information all of which apply.

This class refines rdfs:Container.

Status:
stable
Properties:
  • member Cardinality: Mandatory, two or more.

 

Class: DisjunctiveLicenseSet

A DisjunctiveLicenseSet represents a set of licensing information where only one license applies at a time. This class implies that the recipient gets to choose one of these licenses they would prefer to use.

This class refines rdfs:Container.

Status:
stable
Properties:
  • member Cardinality: Mandatory, two or more.

 

Class: AnyLicenseInfo

The AnyLicenseInfo class includes all resources that represent licensing information.

Status:
stable
Members
All resources in any of the following classes:
 

Class: SimpleLicenseInfo

The SimpleLicenseInfo class includes all resources that represent simple, atomic, licensing information.

Status:
stable
Members
All resources in any of the following classes:

Properties

 

Property: algorithm

Identifies the algorithm used to produce the subject Checksum.

Currently, SHA-1 is the only supported algorithm. It is anticipated that other algorithms will be supported at a later time.

Status:
stable
Domain:
Checksum
Range:
spdx:checksumAlgorithm_sha1
 

Property: artifactOf

Indicates the project in which the file originated.

Tools must preserve doap:hompage and doap:name properties and the URI (if one is known) of doap:Project resources that are values of this property. All other properties of doap:Projects are not directly supported by SPDX and may be dropped when translating to or from some SPDX formats.

Status:
stable
Domain:
File
Range:
doap:Project
 

Property: checksum

The checksum property provides a mechanism that can be used to verify that the contents of a File or Package have not changed.

Status:
stable
Domain:
Any of:
Range:
Checksum
 

Property: checksumValue

The checksumValue property provides a lower case hexidecimal encoded digest value produced using a specific algorithm.

Status:
stable
Domain:
Checksum
Range:
xsd:hexBinary
 

Property: created

The date and time at which the SpdxDocument was created. This value must in UTC and have 'Z' as its timezone indicator.

Status:
stable
Domain:
CreationInfo
Range:
xsd:dateTime
 

Property: copyrightText

The text of copyright declarations recited in the Package or File.

Status:
stable
Domain:
Any of:
Range:
Any of:
 

Property: creationInfo

The creationInfo property relates an SpdxDocument to a set of information about the creation of the SpdxDocument.

Status:
stable
Domain:
SpdxDocument
Range:
CreationInfo
 

Property: creator

The name and, optionally, contact information of a person, organization or tool that created, or was used to create, the SpdxDocument.

Values of this property must conform to the agent and tool syntax.

Status:
stable
Domain:
CreationInfo
Range:
xsd:string
 

Property: dataLicense

The licensing under which the creator of this SPDX document allows related data to be reproduced.

The only valid value for this property is http://spdx.org/licenses/CC0-1.0. This is to alleviate any concern that content (the data) in an SPDX file is subject to any form of intellectual property right that could restrict the re-use of the information or the creation of another SPDX file for the same project(s). This approach avoids intellectual property and related restrictions over the SPDX file, however individuals can still contract one to one to restrict release of specific collections of SPDX files (which map to software bill of materials) and the identification of the supplier of SPDX files.

Status:
stable
Domain:
SpdxDocument
Range:
 

Property: describesPackage

The describesPackage property relates an SpdxDocument to the package which it describes.

Status:
stable
Domain:
SpdxDocument
Range:
Package
 

Property: description

Provides a detailed description of the package.

Status:
stable
Domain:
Package
Range:
xsd:string
 

Property: downloadLocation

The URI at which this package is available for download. Private (i.e., not publicly reachable) URIs are acceptable as values of this property.

The values http://spdx.org/rdf/terms#none and http://spdx.org/rdf/terms#noassertion may be used to specify that the package is not downloadable or that no attempt was made to determine its download location, respectively.

Status:
stable
Domain:
Package
Range:
xsd:anyURI
 

Property: extractedText

Verbatim license or licensing notice text that was discovered.

Status:
stable
Domain:
ExtractedLicensingInfo
Range:
xsd:string
 

Property: fileName

The name of the file relative to the root of the package.

Status:
stable
Domain:
File
Range:
xsd:string
 

Property: fileType

The type of the file.

Status:
stable
Domain:
File
Range:
One of:
 

Property: hasExtractedLicensingInfo

Indicates that a particular ExtractedLicensingInfo was defined in the subject SpdxDocument.

Status:
stable
Domain:
SpdxDocument
Range:
ExtractedLicensingInfo
 

Property: hasFile

Indicates that a particular file belongs to a package.

Status:
stable
Domain:
Package
Range:
File
 

Property: isOsiApproved

Indicates that a particular license has been approved by the OSI as an open source licenses. If this property is true there should be a seeAlso property linking to the OSI version of the license.

Status:
stable
Domain:
License
Range:
xsd:boolean
 

Property: licenseComments

The licenseComments property allows the preparer of the SPDX document to describe why the licensing in spdx:licenseConcluded was chosen.

Status:
stable
Domain:
Any of:
Range:
xsd:string
 

Property: licenseConcluded

The licensing that the preparer of this SPDX document has concluded, based on the evidence, actually applies to the package.

Status:
stable
Domain:
Any of:
Range:
Any of:
 

Property: licenseDeclared

The licensing that the creators of the software in the package, or the packager, have declared. Declarations by the original software creator should be preferred, if they exist.

Status:
stable
Domain:
Package
Range:
Any of:
 

Property: licenseId

A short name for the license that is at least 3 characters long and made up of the characters from the set 'a'-'z', 'A'-'Z', '0'-'9', '+', '_', '.', and '-'. Formally, all licenseId values must match the regular expression: [-+_.a-zA-Z0-9]{3,}

Status:
stable
Domain:
Range:
xsd:string
 

Property: licenseText

The full text of the license.

Status:
stable
Domain:
License
Range:
xsd:string
 

Property: licenseInfoFromFiles

The licensing information that was discovered directly within the package. There will be an instance of this property for each distinct value of all licenseInfoInFile properties of all files contained in the package.

Status:
stable
Domain:
Package
Range:
Any of:
 

Property: licenseInfoInFile

Licensing information that was discovered directly in the subject file.

Status:
stable
Domain:
File
Range:
Any of:
 

Property: member

A license, or other licensing information, that is a member of the subject license set.

Status:
stable
Domain:
Any of:
Range:
AnyLicenseInfo
Refines:
rdfs:member
 

Property: name

The full human readable name of the item. This should include version information when applicable.

Status:
stable
Domain:
Any of:
Range:
xsd:string
Refines:
rdfs:label
 

Property: originator

The name and, optionally, contact information of the person or organization that originally created the package.

Values of this property must conform to the agent and tool syntax.

Status:
stable
Domain:
Package
Range:
xsd:string or the individual spdx:noassertion
 

Property: packageFileName

The base name of the package file name. For example, zlib-1.2.5.tar.gz.

Status:
stable
Domain:
Package
Range:
xsd:string
 

Property: packageVerificationCode

A manifest based authentication code for the package. This allows consumers of this data to determine if a package they have in hand is identical to the package from which the data was produced. This algorithm works even if the SPDX document is included in the package. This algorithm is described in detail in the SPDX specification.

The package verification code algorithm is defined in section 4.7 of the full specification.

Status:
stable
Domain:
Package
Range:
PackageVerificationCode
 

Property: packageVerificationCodeExcludedFile

A file that was excluded when calculating the package verification code. This is usually a file containing SPDX data regarding the package. If a package contains more than one SPDX file all SPDX files must be excluded from the package verification code. If this is not done it would be impossible to correctly calculate the verification codes in both files.

Status:
stable
Domain:
PackageVerificationCode
Range:
xsd:string
 

Property: packageVerificationCodeValue

The actual package verification code as a hex encoded value.

Status:
stable
Domain:
PackageVerificationCode
Range:
xsd:hexBinary
 

Property: referencesFile

Indicates that a particular file belongs as part of the set of analyzed files in the SpdxDocument.

Status:
stable
Domain:
SpdxDocument
Range:
File
 

Property: reviewDate

The date and time at which the SpdxDocument was reviewed. This value must be in UTC and have 'Z' as its timezone indicator.

Status:
stable
Domain:
Review
Range:
xsd:dateTime
 

Property: reviewed

The review property relates a SpdxDocument to the review history.

Status:
stable
Domain:
SpdxDocument
Range:
Review
 

Property: reviewer

The name and, optionally, contact information of the person who performed the review.

Values of this property must conform to the agent and tool syntax.

Status:
stable
Domain:
Review
Range:
xsd:string
 

Property: sourceInfo

Allows the producer(s) of the SPDX document to describe how the package was acquired and/or changed from the original source.

Status:
stable
Domain:
Package
Range:
xsd:string
 

Property: specVersion

Identifies the version of this specification that was used to produce this SPDX document. The value for this version of the spec is SPDX-1.1. The value SPDX-1.0 may also be supported by SPDX tools for backwards compatibility purposes.

Status:
stable
Domain:
SpdxDocument
Range:
xsd:string
 

Property: standardLicenseHeader

Text specifically delineated by the license, or license appendix, as the preferred way to indicate that a source, or other, file is copyable under the license.

Status:
stable
Domain:
License
Range:
xsd:string
 

Property: summary

Provides a short description of the package.

Status:
stable
Domain:
Package
Range:
xsd:string
 

Property: supplier

The name and, optionally, contact information of the person or organization who was the immediate supplier of this package to the recipient. The supplier may be different than originator when the software has been repackaged.

Values of this property must conform to the agent and tool syntax.

Status:
stable
Domain:
Package
Range:
xsd:string or the individual spdx:noassertion
 

Property: versionInfo

Provides an indication of the version of the package that is described by this SpdxDocument.

Status:
stable
Domain:
Package
Range:
xsd:string
 

Individuals

 

Individual: checksumAlgorithm_sha1

Indicates the algorithm used was SHA-1

Status:
stable
 

Individual: fileType_archive

Indicates the file is an archive file.

Status:
stable
 

Individual: fileType_binary

Indicates the file is not a text file. spdx:filetype_archive is preferred for archive files even though they are binary.

Status:
stable
 

Individual: fileType_other

Indicates the file is not a source, archive or binary file.

Status:
stable
 

Individual: fileType_source

Indicates the file is a source code file.

Status:
stable
 

Individual: noassertion

Indicates that the preparer of the SPDX document is not making any assertion regarding the value of this field.

Status:
stable
 
 

Individual: none

When this value is used as the object of a property it indicates that the preparer of the SpdxDocument believes that there is no value for the property. This value should only be used if there is sufficient evidence to support this assertion.

Status:
stable
 

Agent and Tool Identifiers

Fields that identify entities that have acted in relation to the SPDX file are single line of text which name the agent or tool and, optionally, provide contact information. For example, "Person: Jane Doe (jane.doe@example.com)", "Organization: ExampleCodeInspect (contact@example.com)" and "Tool: LicenseFind - 1.0". The exact syntax of agent and tool identifications is described below in ABNF.

 
agent = person / organization

tool = "Tool: " name 0*1( " " DASH " " version)
person = "Person: " name 0*1contact-info
organization = "Organization: " name 0*1contact-info

name = 1*( UNRESERVED ) / U+0022 1*( VCHAR-SANS-QUOTE ) U+0022
contact-info = " (" email-addr ")"
email-addr = local-name-atom *( "." local-name-atom ) "@" domain-name-atom 1*( "." domain-name-atom )
 
version = 1*VCHAR-SANS-QUOTE

local-name-atom = 1*( ALPHA / DIGIT / ; Printable US-ASCII
 "!" / "#" / ; characters not including
 "$" / "%" / ; specials.
 "&" / "'" /
 "*" / "+" /
 "-" / "/" /
 "=" / "?" /
 "^" / "_" /
 "`" / "{" /
 "|" / "}" /
 "~" )
domain-name-atom = 1*( ALPHA / DIGIT / "-" )
 
DASH = U+2010 / U+2212 / ; hyphen, minus, em dash and 
 U+2013 / U+2014 ; en dash
 
UNRESERVED = U+0020-U+0027 / ; visible unicode characters 
 U+0029-U+0080 / ; except '(' and dashes
 U+00A0-U+200F / 
 U+2011-U+2027 / 
 U+202A-U+2211 / 
 U+2213-U+E01EF 
 
VCHAR-SANS-QUOTE = U+0020-U+0021 / ; visible unicode characters 
 U+0023-U+0080 / ; except quotation mark 
 U+00a0-U+E01EF